A healthy cat’s eyes should be clear and bright and the area around the eyeball white.

Cross section of an EyeCommon Symptoms of Illness

  • Red inner eyelids
  • Matter ‘stuck’ on the surface or in the corners of the eye
  • Cloudiness within the eyeball
  • A dull eye surface
  • The ‘third eyelid’ coming across the eye
  • Excessive tearing or unusual discharges
  • Tear-stained fur around the eyes

Eye Tests used to Diagnose Eye Problems

  • Fluorescein stain to identify the presence of corneal ulcers
  • Schirmer Tear Test to determine the level of tear production
  • Ocular pressure to detect glaucoma
  • Ophthalmoscope to visualise in the eye chamber

Common Eye Conditions & SymptomsCommon Eye Conditions & Symptoms

Conjunctivitis is inflammation of the membrane that covers the inner lining of the eyelids and the white of the eyes. It may be caused by allergies or by bacterial, fungal or viral infections. In fact, recurrent or chronic conjunctivitis in cats is often the result of herpes viral infections which can return – again and again. It can be contagious, so keep an infected cat away from others.

Corneal Ulceration can occur when the surface of the cornea is scratched or damaged, either as the result of a cat fight or more seriously, a bacterial or viral infection.

Watery Eyes If your cat’s eyes constantly “weep”, or if the fur around them appears “stained”, he or she may suffer from an inherited defect, in which a malformation of the tear ducts blocks the normal drainage of tears.

Glaucoma Cats, just like humans, can have serious eye diseases. Glaucoma stems from too much pressure being exerted upon the eye’s interior as a result of a decrease in the amount of fluid draining from it.

How to Administer Eye DropsHow to Administer Eye Drops

  • Gently remove any discharge around the eye with a cottonball moistened with warm water.
  • Hold your cat sideways on your lap or place him or her on atable at a comfortable height (you may want someone tohelp restrain your cat if you choose the second option).
  • Read the instructions on the bottle for dosage. Shake ifnecessary.
  • Use one hand to hold the bottle between thumb and index while using the other to supportthe cat’s head.
  • Tilt the head back and, to prevent blinking, use your free fingers to hold the eyelidsopen.
  • Hold the bottle of drops close to the eye but DON’T touch the eye’s surface.
  • Squeeze the drops onto the eye and once the drops are in, release the head.
  • Your cat will blink, spreading the medication over the eye’s surface.

How to Apply Eye OintmentHow to Apply Eye Ointment

  • Gently remove any discharge around the eye with a cottonball moistened with warm water.
  • Hold your cat sideways on your lap or place him or her on atable at a comfortable height (you may want someone tohelp restrain your cat if you choose the second option).
  • Read the instructions on the tube for dosage.
  • Gently pull down the lower eyelid.
  • Hold the tube parallel to the lower eyelid, squeeze out theointment onto the edge of the eyelid.
  • Massage upper and lower eyelids together to spread the medication.
  • Release the head and let your cat blink.

IMPORTANT: Always administer medicine for the full treatment period. When administering

medication stay calm – your pet can sense if you are nervous making it more difficult to apply the

treatment. Always praise and reward your pet with a treat.